Order Crocodilia / Order Squamata

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Order Crocodilia – Alligators and crocodiles
____ American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Common
Alligators are widespread on the island in sloughs, seeps, ponds, lakes, and brackish marshes with access to freshwater seeps. Animals frequently walk overland between water bodies and may be encountered in any habitat. Large animals are potentially dangerous.
Order Squamata – Amphisbaenids, lizards, and snakes
Suborder Lacertilia – Lizards
____ Green anole (Anolis carolinensis) Common
Anoles are common throughout island including on buildings, in thickets, and on bushes and trees. They are active diurnally all year when temperatures allow activity (> 60 F).
____ Six-lined racerunner (Cnemidophorus sexlineatus) Common
This speedy lizard is found in sandy or open areas throughout the island from May through September. It is most active in the heat at mid-day.
____ Mole skink (Eumeces egregius) Rare
This small, fossorial skink is found only in disturbed, sandy soils such as gardens and burrows. To date, the only records are from the Settlement on the north end of the island.
____ Southeastern five-lined skink (Eumeces inexpectatus) Uncommon
Five-lined skinks are occasionally seen near rotting logs or wood, under boards, in trees, or in debris near buildings islandwide. Juveniles have a blue tail.
____ Broadhead skink (Eumeces laticeps) Common
Less secretive than other skinks, broadheads are often seen basking on and around trees, buildings, and logs. They are found island-wide. Juveniles have a blue tail.
____ Island glass lizard (Ophisaurus compressus) Rare
This is an interdune species that prefers open grassy areas. It is occasionally seen swimming in these areas when they are temporarily flooded. Only two island specimens are in museum collections.
____ Eastern glass lizard (Ophisaurus ventralis) Common
A ubiquitous lizard found especially in grassy areas and pine woods. It is frequently seen around dwellings or in loose garden soil.
____ Fence lizard (Sceloporus undulatus) Locally common
Fence lizards are frequently seen sunning on logs. They are apparently still expanding their island range from south to north, and may be locally common.
____ Ground skink (Scincella lateralis) Common
This fast-moving, secretive little skink prefers leaves and pine needles under which to hide. It is not found in open areas, the interdune, or areas with a deep palmetto-dominated understory.
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